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International context

Resettlement is:

  • a protection instrument that meets the specific needs of the refugees whose life, freedom, security, health and other fundamental rights are threatened;
  • a sustainable solution for refugees who cannot return voluntarily to their country of origin nor have perspectives of local integration in the country they have fled to;
  • a solidarity mechanism to relieve the pressure on the countries that receive large numbers of refugees.

UNHCR

In 2018, the Global Compact for Migration set a series of objectives, including the development of access to the resettlement possibilities. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in charge of the programme, organises annual consultations with the governments, the international organisations and NGO's active in the process. In addition to this, each year, UNHCR draws up a report on the projected global resettlement needs.

According to UNHCR, in 2021

1.44 MILLION


refugees will need to be resettled.

The most vulnerable refugee populations are the Syrians, the South Sudanese and the Congolese.


As part of its mandate, UNHCR identifies the refugees who need to be resettled and submits their case to a resettlement country. The preselected refugees are considered vulnerable on the basis of several criteria:

  • In need of legal and/or physical protection
  • Survivors of violence and torture
  • Medical needs
  • Women and girls at risk
  • Family reunification, when resettlement is the only way to reunite the members of a family
  • Children and adolescents at risk
  • Lack of foreseeable alternative durable solutions

  

European Union

Resettlement is also a cornerstone of the European Union global strategy in terms of asylum and migration. For several years, the European Commission has identified common priorities that focus on geographical areas, nationalities or categories of specific refugees and which offer some flexibility that meets the new or urgent needs.

The Member States are invited to reach the resettlement goal fixed in the pledging exercise of 2020, namely at least 29,500 persons in need of international protection coming from third countries over a period of two years (from 1 January to 31 December 2021).

The Member States have to continue the resettlements from Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon as well as from the main African countries along the central Mediterranean route and leading to it, especially Libya, Niger, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. They will also have to support the emergency transit mechanisms in Niger and Rwanda, and provide for emergency resettlement sites.